How to install WordPress, Linux, Nginx, MariaDB 10.3, PHP 7.3 (LEMP stack) on CentOS 7

LEMP (also known as LNMP) is a group of open-source software which enable a server to host dynamic websites and web applications. It consists of the Linux operating system, the (E)Nginx web server (which replaces the Apache component of a LAMP stack), the MySQL relational database management system, and the PHP programming language.

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How to set up master slave replication in MySQL

MySQL replication is a process that enables data from one MySQL database server (the master) to be copied automatically to one or more MySQL database servers (the slaves). Replication is asynchronous by default. Slaves do not need to be connected permanently to receive updates from the master. Depending on the configuration, you can replicate all databases, selected databases, or even selected tables within a database.

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How to disable Let’s Encrypt for the hostname

If you want to replace the certificate for your hostname with a custom certificate but you had enabled Let’s Encrypt, you will need to disable Let’s Encrypt for the hostname first. The following command let’s DirectAdmin know that it does not need to renew the Let’s Encrypt certificate. This is required as DirectAdmin will renew the certificate +/- 60 days after the last renewal, even when the Let’s Encrypt certificate is not installed.

rm -rf /usr/local/directadmin/data/users/user_name/domains/domain_name.lt.san_config
rm -rf /usr/local/directadmin/data/users/user_name/domains/domain_name.lt.cert.creation_time

Proxmox: Shrinking disk of an LVM backed container

LVM, or Logical Volume Management, is a storage device management technology that gives users the power to pool and abstract the physical layout of component storage devices for easier and flexible administration. Utilizing the device mapper Linux kernel framework, the current iteration, LVM2, can be used to gather existing storage devices into groups and allocate logical units from the combined space as needed.
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Find IP Addresses with awk

An Internet Protocol address – or IP address for short – is a series of unique numbers that are assigned to each router or hotspot accessing the internet. The string of numbers is used to tell all the machines apart on the same internet. Much like your house needs a mailing address to send and receive packages or letters, your device – whether it’s a computer, a phone or something else – needs an IP address to send and receive data.

AWK is a special-purpose programming language designed for text processing and typically used as a data extraction and reporting tool. It is a standard feature of most Unix-like operating systems.

IPv4 example:

awk '{match($0,/[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+/); ip = substr($0,RSTART,RLENGTH); print ip}'